Having a groundwater well is a big step toward sustainability for your household. Digging a well is not as simple as it sounds, so proper research and forethought are important. Here are a couple of things to pay due diligence before digging your well.
Collect Sufficient Data
Not all ground is suitable for well-digging. If your land sits on a hefty layer of rock, your well plans might not work. If you know your ground will allow for a well, you should next look at the quality of your groundwater. Several things can impact the quality of groundwater. For example, cemetery groundwater has been shown to contain contaminants due to the vast amounts of formaldehyde used in the embalming process. To find the data for your area, you can obtain a local groundwater report from the USGS.
Find a Safe Location
To ensure the safety and quality of your well water, wells should be dug 50 or more feet away from septic tanks or sewers and should not be within 100 feet from anywhere animal waste collects. The location you choose should also contain at least 100 feet of earth between the surface and the water table. Before digging, be sure to call your local 811 service to make sure your location is free of buried lines.
Safety should be a top priority as you take this step toward sustainability, so consider these factors before moving forward with your well project.